Gram Sathi : Watershed Development Program

GEF/UNDP/SGP/CEE Watershed Development Program

For long term solutions to the shrinking ground water resources and ever expanding soil salinity, Gram Sathi is working for recharging ground water surface and harvesting rainwater though watershed structures over a catchment area of 750 sq. km. in Katoria block in Banka district in Bihar. In 2015-16, with the support of people cooperation, a check dam was constructed at Targahat Joria River that helped in bringing the water to the villages for irrigation purposes. The farmers who have so far doing mansoon based farming are now able to do farming all round the years. This enables multi-cropping in the villages, providing sustainable livelihoods to the people residing in the watershed area. The effort of Gram Sathi was praised by Mr. Adesh Titarmare, DM of Banka district.

It is estimated that 86% of rural and 24% of urban household still rely on biomass fuels. The victims of these diseases are predominantly women who are involved in cooking. Smoke from the traditional chulhas during cooking is also one of the major reasons for ill health of rural women in Katiyari village in Banka district in Bihar. One of the solutions may be the adoption of smokeless chulhas for cooking. The smokeless chulha is simple in design and mechanism and operatives similarly as the traditional chulhas used by many families except that it has a chimney. Its fuel efficiency is also high thus reducing the quantity of fuels. On 20 February, 2016 a training program was organized through which women were trained on the preparation and use of smokeless chulhas. As a result, in all 550 houses of the Katyari village smokeless chulhas are now being used.



Community Engagement Programs:

The various community groups that have been established including the watershed committee, women SHG and farmers groups are at differing levels, involved with the project development and progress and engaged on a regular basis with the field staff. These committees were involved in planning and monitoring of the activities and for recruitment of labours. As the work progresses and the results become more visible, more numbers of people have shown their interest and become involved in different community engagement programs that are as follows:

Activities/Programs Benefitted people/villages Duration
Base Line Survey 10 Villages 5 Months
Village Meeting 10 Villages Every Month
Kitchen Garden 3 Villages 3 Months
Sapling preparation Preparation of 2 Lac Saplings 3 Months
Plants distribution 75 Farmers
(50 Hectares Land)
4 Months
Formation of SHGs 40 SHGs 1 Month
Regular meetings of the SHGs 10 Villages Every Month
Goat Rearing Training 30 Women Every Month
Poultry Farming Training 30 Women Every Month
Farmer’s Training 50 Farmers 1 Month
Distribution of Seeds 15 Quintals 1 Month
Voter Awareness Campaign 500 3 Months
Farmers School 30 3 Days
Football Tournaments 16 Teams 1 Month
Distribution of starting amount under the Chief Minister Hariyali Scheme 40 People 1 Year
Farmer Meetings for Dairy Farming
Producer Organization Formations
50 Famers 3 Days
Training on SRI Vidhi 50 Farmers 3 Months
Tree Plantation 75 Farmers 4 Months
Distribution of Kisan Credit Card 50 Farmers 2 Months
Training on Smokeless Chulha 30 Women 2 Days
Seed Certification 100 Farmers
(100 Hectares)
1 Day
Checkdam Construction 250 Farmers 4 Months
Preparation of Kisan Calender 500 Farmers 2 Months


Organization of Workshop:

A workshop was organized in Chakmadhia village in Katoria block in Banka district in Bihar on “Natural Resource Management” in which good number of people including farmers participated. In the workshop, the need to improve the underground water level was stressed. Mr. Devanand Kumar, Managing Trustee of Gram Sathi drew attention of the participants about the distortions made with the natural resources which has resulted in water imbalances, scarcity of safe drinking water and also increasing the water pollution in several ways. It was stressed to conserve water and preventing wastage of water in life.

News & Events

Gram Sathi Published A Water Sanitation Book for awre peoples on 13th January, 2017.

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Gram Sathi Published A Water Sanitation Book for awre peoples on 13th January, 2017.

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Gram Sathi Published A Water Sanitation Book for awre peoples on 13th January, 2017.

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